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AutoHotkey Webinar-When, Why and How to use Error Checking on Runtime Errors

webnar 300x200When, Why and How to use Error Checking on Runtime Errors

Video Hour 1: High-level overview: Hour 1
Video Hour 2: Q&A: Hour 2

Script Highlight: Detecting Carrier type, location, company from a phone number.

When / Why to use Error Checking

For general troubleshooting of your own code use:

  1. Msgbox
  2. Debug in SciTE , AHK Studio or Notepad++
  3. Watch this Webinar on Debugging & Troubleshooting

Runtime Errors– An error that occurs during the execution of a program

  1. Use Error Handling to diagnose Runtime Errors for scripts distributed to clients
  2. Allows you to adapt the reported error as something meaningful to non-coders
  3. Frequently provides information you cannot get elsewhere
  4. Easy to Log the error with additional information so we can have context of what is frequently going wrong  (Users are typically terrible are providing enough information)
  5. Can prevent the script from “locking up” / throwing an Error that is confusing to the client
  6. Build-into your Class / Library to help others utilizing your code

ErrorLevel and OnError

ErrorLevel

  • Built-in variable which indicates success/failure of many (84) commands
  • A value of Zero means success. Most commands return a 1 for failure but some have values higher than 1

OnError

  • Specifies a function to run automatically when an unhandled error occurs.

OnExit

  • A Built-in Function name/Object to call when your script is exiting
  • It can help understand why/when your script exited

There are 84 Built-in Command/Functions with Error Level

Try / Catch / Throw / Finally / Exception

  • Try– Will “try” to execute a given line(s) of code
  • Catch– Specifies the code to execute if an exception is raised during execution of a Try statement.
  • Throw– Signals the existence of an error allowing a Try/Catch command to display info about this error. This object allows you to personalize the message / information available
  • Finally– Used in conjunction with Try or Catch. Ensures that one or more statements (commands or expressions) are always executed after the execution of a try statement
  • Exception()- An Object with properties to be accessed from Catch’s OutputVar
  • Message:An error message or ErrorLevelvalue.
  • What:The name of the command, function or label which was executing or about to execute when the error occurred.
  • Extra:Additional information about the error, if available.
  • File:Set automatically to the full path of the script file which contains the line at which the error occurred.
  • Line:Set automatically to the line number at which the error occurred.

 

Best Practices / Tips & Tricks

  1. Remember –in Try / Catch  the Exception thrown is an object.
  2. Not all programs accurately report ErrorLevel when run from RunWait
    1. –If this is the case, think of other ways to determine if your script finished correctly
  3. Unless you truly have a need, don’t worry about Throw or Finally.  Most developers do not use them
  4. While typically used as pairs, Try can be used without Catch
    1. — in this case, it is used only to bypass the error message
  5. ComObjError()–  can be set to 0 to disable COM errors (but isn’t recommended)
  6. Copy the ErrorLevel value to your own variable immediately  after the command that  caused the error (before its content is changed after executing another command)

AutoHotkey Webinar- Advanced Web Scraping with AutoHotkey

Advanced Web Scraping with AutoHotkeyToday’s AutoHotkey Webinar on Advanced Web Scraping with AutoHotkey we covered some “fun” topics.   We also demonstrated using Visual Events 2 to detect Event Listeners on a page

Video Hour 1: High-level overview

Video Hour 2: Q&A

Be sure to grab our Web scraping syntax writer

Script highlight

; Stupid simple webScraping with AutoHotkey
Send, ^a ;Select All
sleep, 50
Send, ^c ;copy
sleep, 50
Clipboard:=StrSplit(Clipboard,”:”).1 ;split the clipboard on the colon and return everything to the left of the first one
Send, ^v ;paste
sleep, 350
Send, {tab 4} ;tab to the next field where I need to re-run

We also showed a bit about dealing with Try and using .item[0] in the DOM call. i.e. instead of using

pwb.document.getElementsByClassName(“feed”)[0].InnerText
use
pwb.document.getElementsByClassName(“feed”).item[0].InnerText
This way, if an element doesn’t exist, it will not error out.

To wait for it to be present you could do this

while (pwb.document.getElementsByClassName(“feed-identity-module__stat link-without-visited-state”).length < 3){
ToolTip, Here
Sleep, 50
Cap’n Odin offered up these two gems.  The first will close all running AutoHotkey scripts and the second one will pause them.

; Close all AutoHotkey scripts
DetectHiddenWindows On
Winget, lst, List, ahk_exe autohotkey.exe

loop % lst {
hwnd := lst%A_Index%
if(hwnd != A_ScriptHwnd) {
WinClose, % “ahk_id ” hwnd
}
return

; pause all AutoHotkey scripts
DetectHiddenWindows On
SetTitleMatchMode, 2
Winget, lst, List, AutoHotkey ahk_exe autohotkey.exe

loop % lst {
hwnd := lst%A_Index%
if(hwnd != A_ScriptHwnd) {
PostMessage, 0x111, 65306, , , % “ahk_id ” hwnd
}
}